The ABCs Of CBD - A Glossary Of Cannabis Terms

By Jacob Greenberg
This glossary of cannabis terms is a helpful resource for anyone researching CBD benefits, marijuana legislation, or anything to do with the cannabis plant.

Whether looking to purchase CBD oil or simply doing some research, it’s important to understand terminology. Below are a list of commonly used terms and their definitions. These are the ABCs of CBD.

NOTE: This is a living glossary, so be sure to bookmark this page for future use.

Cannabis Terms

Bioavailability - The proportion of a drug that reaches circulation in the body and has an active effect.

Cannabinoid - A chemical substance found in the cannabis plant; THC and CBD are the two most prevalent, but there are at least 113 known cannabinoids.

CBD - Cannabidiol, a substance found in cannabis plants. CBD helps to relieve pain, foster sleep, decrease stress, and provide other non-psychoactive benefits. Unlike THC, CBD cannot get you high.

ECS - Endocannabinoid System, the natural infrastructure in your body able to produce, utilize, and dissolve the cannabinoids produced or consumed by you. The ECS is composed of chemical receptors where endocannabinoids (internally-produced cannabinoids) bond, as well as enzymes to synthesize and break down the endocannabinoids.

Entourage Effect - The property of cannabinoids (including THC) that increases the effects of each other when taken together.

Full-Spectrum - Any hemp oil listed as "full-spectrum" means it contains, at maximum, 0.3% THC in addition to the CBD. Full-spectrum products take advantage of the entourage effect.

Hemp - A cannabis plant bred to have very low THC content and is primarily cultivated for its fibers. Hemp products range from oils to clothing.

Isolate - A highly concentrated, purified form of a cannabinoid. CBD is one of the most common isolates you’ll find.

Maku - An ancient East Asian deity, associated with hemp, health, and well-being.

Marijuana - Dried leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant that contain both THC and CBD. Marijuana is a substance consumed for both medical and recreational purposes, most commonly consumed for its psychoactive properties.

Opioid - A class of medications, commonly used for pain relief. Opioids can be prescribed by doctors, but have been tied to cases of addiction throughout the United States.

Psychoactive - Substances or compounds that can alter a person’s perception, mindset, or otherwise normal brain function.

Shatter - A concentrated form of THC, made from the resin of the cannabis plant. Also associated with “wax,” shatter is usually consumed via inhalation at high temperatures.

Terpenes - Organic compounds in plants and insects responsible for the smell and taste of cannabis. These compounds synergize with CBD and THC to help with pain, seizures (epilepsy), depression, anxiety, and infections.

THC - Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, a substance found in cannabis plants. This is the primary ingredient in marijuana, and the only psychoactive component in the cannabis plant. This is what gets you high when ingesting marijuana.

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